• 5 February 2008
  • Posted By Daniel Robinson
  • Election 2008, Presidential 2008 Elections

Southern Hospitality and Super Tuesday

Last Saturday, Senator Barack Obama scored a substantial victory in the South Carolina Democratic primary. Following a contentious week of back-and-forth attacks and allegations of record distortion, Obama beat his rivals Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY) and former Sen. John Edwards (D-NC) in the nation’s first Southern primary.

Obama won handily, compiling 55% of the vote and boosting his campaign’s case of broad appeal to voters. Clinton and her camp downplayed expectations amid charges of distorting Obama’s record and the effects of former president Bill Clinton’s vigorous campaigning. Edwards finished a distant third, and doubts of his campaign continuing beyond Super Tuesday are rising.

The Democrats are eager to move on to the behemoth Super Tuesday on Feb.5, where 24 states including Guam will decide who is awarded the 1,700 delegates that will be crucial to securing the nomination. Iranian Americans will play a vital role in deciding who survives Super Tuesday as states like New York, New Jersey, Illinois, California, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Minnesota have significant Iranian American populations. The candidates will have to carefully target their advertising and attention to these states because of the large ad buys needed in these markets. The way that this election cycle is going, no stone will be left unturned.

On to Los Republicanos…the Republican candidates are sweating it out in a steel cage match that many believed would involve the four remaining major candidates: Romney, McCain, Huckabee and Giuliani. However, the contest for the Sunshine State is boiling down to a good ol’fashioned tête-à-tête between former Governor Mitt Romney and Arizona Senator John McCain. The other candidates are running low on fumes and cash, so Romney and McCain are jostling for position as the national leader of a party for a state that has the largest delegate share to date.

For Romney, his campaign will have to make inroads in the vital I-4 corridor of the state that contains Orlando, Fort Lauderdale and St. Pete where McCain enjoys strong support from self-described moderates and Hispanics while at the same time parrying attacks from McCain about flip flopping and Iraq. McCain must prove to be a better study at ye old economics because polls are showing that the economy reigns as the top issue for Florida GOP voters, and unlike Iowa and New Hampshire, this dance is for invited guests only (Republican closed primary).


Posted By Daniel Robinson

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Sign the Petition


7,350 signatures

Tell Google: Stop playing Persian Gulf name games!

May 14, 2012
Larry Page
Chief Executive Officer
Google Inc.
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway
Mountain View, California 94043

Dear Mr. Page:

It has come to our attention that Google has begun omitting the title of the Persian Gulf from its Google Maps application. This is a disconcerting development given the undisputed historic and geographic precedent of the name Persian Gulf, and the more recent history of opening up the name to political, ethnic, and territorial disputes. However unintentionally, in adopting this practice, Google is participating in a dangerous effort to foment tensions and ethnic divisions in the Middle East by politicizing the region’s geographic nomenclature. Members of the Iranian-American community are overwhelmingly opposed to such efforts, particularly at a time when regional tensions already have been pushed to the brink and threaten to spill over into conflict. As the largest grassroots organization in the Iranian-American community, the National Iranian American Council (NIAC) calls on Google to not allow its products to become propaganda tools and to immediately reinstate the historically accurate, apolitical title of “Persian Gulf” in all of its informational products, including Google Maps.

Historically, the name “Persian Gulf” is undisputed. The Greek geographer and astronomer Ptolemy referencing in his writings the “Aquarius Persico.” The Romans referred to the "Mare Persicum." The Arabs historically call the body of water, "Bahr al-Farsia." The legal precedent of this nomenclature is also indisputable, with both the United Nations and the United States Board of Geographic Names confirming the sole legitimacy of the term “Persian Gulf.” Agreement on this matter has also been codified by the signatures of all six bordering Arab countries on United Nations directives declaring this body of water to be the Persian Gulf.

But in the past century, and particularly at times of escalating tensions, there have been efforts to exploit the name of the Persian Gulf as a political tool to foment ethnic division. From colonial interests to Arab interests to Iranian interests, the opening of debate regarding the name of the Persian Gulf has been a recent phenomenon that has been exploited for political gain by all sides. Google should not enable these politicized efforts.

In the 1930s, British adviser to Bahrain Sir Charles Belgrave proposed to rename the Persian Gulf, “Arabian Gulf,” a proposal that was rejected by the British Colonial and Foreign offices. Two decades later, the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company resurrected the term during its dispute with Mohammad Mossadegh, the Iranian Prime Minister whose battle with British oil interests would end in a U.S.-sponsored coup d'état that continues to haunt U.S.-Iran relations. In the 1960s, the title “Arabian Gulf” became central to propaganda efforts during the Pan-Arabism era aimed at exploiting ethnic divisions in the region to unite Arabs against non-Arabs, namely Iranians and Israelis. The term was later employed by Saddam Hussein to justify his aims at territorial expansion. Osama Bin Laden even adopted the phrase in an attempt to rally Arab populations by emphasizing ethnic rivalries in the Middle East.

We have serious concerns that Google is now playing into these efforts of geographic politicization. Unfortunately, this is not the first time Google has stirred controversy on this topic. In 2008, Google Earth began including the term “Arabian Gulf” in addition to Persian Gulf as the name for the body of water. NIAC and others called on you then to stop using this ethnically divisive propaganda term, but to no avail. Instead of following the example of organizations like the National Geographic Society, which in 2004 used term “Arabian Gulf” in its maps but recognized the error and corrected it, Google has apparently decided to allow its informational products to become politicized.

Google should rectify this situation and immediately include the proper name for the Persian Gulf in Google Maps and all of its informational products. The exclusion of the title of the Persian Gulf diminishes your applications as informational tools, and raises questions about the integrity and accuracy of information provided by Google.

We strongly urge you to stay true to Google’s mission – “to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful” – without distorting or politicizing that information. We look forward to an explanation from you regarding the recent removal of the Persian Gulf name from Google Maps and call on you to immediately correct this mistake.



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