• 25 November 2008
  • Posted By Hormoz Rashidi
  • Diplomacy, Events in DC, US-Iran War

Insanity: Doing the Same Thing and Expecting a New Result

At NIAC’s policy conference last Tuesday, Ambassador James Dobbins noted that the current debate over Iran is not about the fundamental shift towards diplomacy that is needed to create a more effective Iran policy, but rather a discussion on how to properly implement America’s policy of preemption.

“It’s important to recognize that the debate we’ve conducted is not between one group who believes that we should launch a preemptive military strike against Iran, and the other group who said we shouldn’t. Rather it was a debate between one group who said we should talk to them first, and another group who said, no, we don’t even have to talk to them first.” So the only thing both sides agree on is that preemptive strikes are on the table. As for dialogue, the jury is still out.

Dobbins noted, “Insanity has been occasionally defined as continuing to do the same thing and expecting different results.” For nearly thirty years, the U.S. has had a policy of regime change with regards to Iran. What has it gotten us? The Iranian government is still there. They have more centrifuges and more fissile material. Iran’s human rights record continues to shock and disgust the world.  So how do we break this pattern of insanity?

We must make up our minds. Is dialogue an opportunity for us to tell Iran what to do or else? Or is it an opportunity to learn more about Iran and exert leverage on issues important to Americans? Are we willing to go to war with Iran if they don’t agree to our demands, or are demands useless without sustained dialogue and negotiations? We have tried regime change for almost 30 years. Maybe it’s time to give sanity a chance. As Ambassador Dobbins put it, “I do believe that while dialogue only sometimes produces agreement, it always produces information.”

Without dialogue, our options are simple. Either we will go to war with Iran to get our way, or we will sit back and moan as Iran continues to behave in ways that are unacceptable.

Former Chief of Staff for the Israeli Defense Forces, Moshe Dayan said it best. “If you want to make peace, you don’t talk to your friends. You talk to your enemies.” America has to decide whether we want peace or hostility. Whether we want to exert influence on Iran or whether we want regime change. We cannot have it both ways.

Posted By Hormoz Rashidi

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Sign the Petition


7,350 signatures

Tell Google: Stop playing Persian Gulf name games!

May 14, 2012
Larry Page
Chief Executive Officer
Google Inc.
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway
Mountain View, California 94043

Dear Mr. Page:

It has come to our attention that Google has begun omitting the title of the Persian Gulf from its Google Maps application. This is a disconcerting development given the undisputed historic and geographic precedent of the name Persian Gulf, and the more recent history of opening up the name to political, ethnic, and territorial disputes. However unintentionally, in adopting this practice, Google is participating in a dangerous effort to foment tensions and ethnic divisions in the Middle East by politicizing the region’s geographic nomenclature. Members of the Iranian-American community are overwhelmingly opposed to such efforts, particularly at a time when regional tensions already have been pushed to the brink and threaten to spill over into conflict. As the largest grassroots organization in the Iranian-American community, the National Iranian American Council (NIAC) calls on Google to not allow its products to become propaganda tools and to immediately reinstate the historically accurate, apolitical title of “Persian Gulf” in all of its informational products, including Google Maps.

Historically, the name “Persian Gulf” is undisputed. The Greek geographer and astronomer Ptolemy referencing in his writings the “Aquarius Persico.” The Romans referred to the "Mare Persicum." The Arabs historically call the body of water, "Bahr al-Farsia." The legal precedent of this nomenclature is also indisputable, with both the United Nations and the United States Board of Geographic Names confirming the sole legitimacy of the term “Persian Gulf.” Agreement on this matter has also been codified by the signatures of all six bordering Arab countries on United Nations directives declaring this body of water to be the Persian Gulf.

But in the past century, and particularly at times of escalating tensions, there have been efforts to exploit the name of the Persian Gulf as a political tool to foment ethnic division. From colonial interests to Arab interests to Iranian interests, the opening of debate regarding the name of the Persian Gulf has been a recent phenomenon that has been exploited for political gain by all sides. Google should not enable these politicized efforts.

In the 1930s, British adviser to Bahrain Sir Charles Belgrave proposed to rename the Persian Gulf, “Arabian Gulf,” a proposal that was rejected by the British Colonial and Foreign offices. Two decades later, the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company resurrected the term during its dispute with Mohammad Mossadegh, the Iranian Prime Minister whose battle with British oil interests would end in a U.S.-sponsored coup d'état that continues to haunt U.S.-Iran relations. In the 1960s, the title “Arabian Gulf” became central to propaganda efforts during the Pan-Arabism era aimed at exploiting ethnic divisions in the region to unite Arabs against non-Arabs, namely Iranians and Israelis. The term was later employed by Saddam Hussein to justify his aims at territorial expansion. Osama Bin Laden even adopted the phrase in an attempt to rally Arab populations by emphasizing ethnic rivalries in the Middle East.

We have serious concerns that Google is now playing into these efforts of geographic politicization. Unfortunately, this is not the first time Google has stirred controversy on this topic. In 2008, Google Earth began including the term “Arabian Gulf” in addition to Persian Gulf as the name for the body of water. NIAC and others called on you then to stop using this ethnically divisive propaganda term, but to no avail. Instead of following the example of organizations like the National Geographic Society, which in 2004 used term “Arabian Gulf” in its maps but recognized the error and corrected it, Google has apparently decided to allow its informational products to become politicized.

Google should rectify this situation and immediately include the proper name for the Persian Gulf in Google Maps and all of its informational products. The exclusion of the title of the Persian Gulf diminishes your applications as informational tools, and raises questions about the integrity and accuracy of information provided by Google.

We strongly urge you to stay true to Google’s mission – “to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful” – without distorting or politicizing that information. We look forward to an explanation from you regarding the recent removal of the Persian Gulf name from Google Maps and call on you to immediately correct this mistake.



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