• 19 July 2009
  • Posted By Artin
  • Events in Iran, Human Rights in Iran, Iran Election 2009

9:24 pm From BBC Persian:

Mohammad Khatami, former President of Iran, declared that the only way out of the current crisis is to rely on the will of the people and establish a referendum. He made this declaration in a meeting with a number of the families of people arrested in the election aftermath.

Mr Khatami organized this meeting at the office of the Association of Combatant Clerics with the presence of a number of important party members including Mohammad Mousavi Khoeiniha (Expediency Council member), Ali Akbar Mohtashami-Pur (midranking cleric), Majid Ansari (Expediency Council member, former VP of Iran), Mehdi Emami-Jamarani, and Mohammad Mousavi-Bajnavardi. In this meeting, Khatami welcomed the suggestions and opinions proffered by Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani in his Friday prayer sermon last week.

The Association of Combatant Clerics simultaneously produced their 5th announcement since the election, in which they emphasized the need for a referendum. They considered this the best solution according to the “exact text of the Constitution of Iran.”

The Association of Combatant Clerics’ message emphasized that “the trust of at least millions of people in relation to the electoral process has been lost,” and requested that “instead of insisting on unproductive alternatives that until now have produced nothing except bad results, organize a referendum in which the entire people can freely participate, in relation to the events that have happened, so it can serve as feedback [for the Islamic Republic].”

Mr. Khatami said that the referendum should be organized by a body like the Expediency Council (chaired by Rafsanjani).

This announcement signifies that the Mousavi camp and Rafsanjani have officially joined together in an attempt to force Khamenei to respond. Calling for a referendum is intelligent because it would allow the Supreme Leader to save face – as he would not necessarily be invalidating the election results.

It seems that Khamenei’s response to this development will depend on how much pressure he feels from the recent protests. And quite frankly, it’s a possibility that Khamenei does not possess the absolute power many believed him to have prior to the elections– perhaps the paramilitary will pressure him into continuing with his current policy.

Posted By Artin

    One Response to “Breaking News: Khatami Calls for a Referendum”

  1. دليل سلطان…

    شكرا لك…

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Tell Google: Stop playing Persian Gulf name games!

May 14, 2012
Larry Page
Chief Executive Officer
Google Inc.
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway
Mountain View, California 94043

Dear Mr. Page:

It has come to our attention that Google has begun omitting the title of the Persian Gulf from its Google Maps application. This is a disconcerting development given the undisputed historic and geographic precedent of the name Persian Gulf, and the more recent history of opening up the name to political, ethnic, and territorial disputes. However unintentionally, in adopting this practice, Google is participating in a dangerous effort to foment tensions and ethnic divisions in the Middle East by politicizing the region’s geographic nomenclature. Members of the Iranian-American community are overwhelmingly opposed to such efforts, particularly at a time when regional tensions already have been pushed to the brink and threaten to spill over into conflict. As the largest grassroots organization in the Iranian-American community, the National Iranian American Council (NIAC) calls on Google to not allow its products to become propaganda tools and to immediately reinstate the historically accurate, apolitical title of “Persian Gulf” in all of its informational products, including Google Maps.

Historically, the name “Persian Gulf” is undisputed. The Greek geographer and astronomer Ptolemy referencing in his writings the “Aquarius Persico.” The Romans referred to the "Mare Persicum." The Arabs historically call the body of water, "Bahr al-Farsia." The legal precedent of this nomenclature is also indisputable, with both the United Nations and the United States Board of Geographic Names confirming the sole legitimacy of the term “Persian Gulf.” Agreement on this matter has also been codified by the signatures of all six bordering Arab countries on United Nations directives declaring this body of water to be the Persian Gulf.

But in the past century, and particularly at times of escalating tensions, there have been efforts to exploit the name of the Persian Gulf as a political tool to foment ethnic division. From colonial interests to Arab interests to Iranian interests, the opening of debate regarding the name of the Persian Gulf has been a recent phenomenon that has been exploited for political gain by all sides. Google should not enable these politicized efforts.

In the 1930s, British adviser to Bahrain Sir Charles Belgrave proposed to rename the Persian Gulf, “Arabian Gulf,” a proposal that was rejected by the British Colonial and Foreign offices. Two decades later, the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company resurrected the term during its dispute with Mohammad Mossadegh, the Iranian Prime Minister whose battle with British oil interests would end in a U.S.-sponsored coup d'état that continues to haunt U.S.-Iran relations. In the 1960s, the title “Arabian Gulf” became central to propaganda efforts during the Pan-Arabism era aimed at exploiting ethnic divisions in the region to unite Arabs against non-Arabs, namely Iranians and Israelis. The term was later employed by Saddam Hussein to justify his aims at territorial expansion. Osama Bin Laden even adopted the phrase in an attempt to rally Arab populations by emphasizing ethnic rivalries in the Middle East.

We have serious concerns that Google is now playing into these efforts of geographic politicization. Unfortunately, this is not the first time Google has stirred controversy on this topic. In 2008, Google Earth began including the term “Arabian Gulf” in addition to Persian Gulf as the name for the body of water. NIAC and others called on you then to stop using this ethnically divisive propaganda term, but to no avail. Instead of following the example of organizations like the National Geographic Society, which in 2004 used term “Arabian Gulf” in its maps but recognized the error and corrected it, Google has apparently decided to allow its informational products to become politicized.

Google should rectify this situation and immediately include the proper name for the Persian Gulf in Google Maps and all of its informational products. The exclusion of the title of the Persian Gulf diminishes your applications as informational tools, and raises questions about the integrity and accuracy of information provided by Google.

We strongly urge you to stay true to Google’s mission – “to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful” – without distorting or politicizing that information. We look forward to an explanation from you regarding the recent removal of the Persian Gulf name from Google Maps and call on you to immediately correct this mistake.



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