• 21 July 2009
  • Posted By Ali Delforoush
  • Events in Iran, Human Rights in Iran, Iran Election 2009

Self Defense Lessons Against Baton Attacks


Many of the twitter feeds from Iran in the past few weeks have been requesting self defense lessons. The above video demonstrates self defense tactics against baton attacks. The video is in Farsi.

Posted By Ali Delforoush

    One Response to “Self Defense Lessons Against Baton Attacks”

  1. Maziar says:

    These self defense ‘tricks’ are not very advisable. It is true that moving towards the attacker is better than moving away (unless you can sprint very fast!). However, in the latter parts of the video the defender is just moving in towards the assailant without covering his head. This is suicide. Do you really think you can slip past that easily in the heat of the moment, with people shouting and screaming around you, tear gas in the air, gun fire, adrenaline pumping? If the assailant strikes diagonally with the baton, rather than vertically (and this is quite common), the application of the moves in this video will result in your head being split open like a water melon. What if the attack is to the thighs? Furthermore, even if you do get behind the assailant’s arm, striking him on the back of the upper arm, on the triple warmer pressure point to be precise, is far more effective than the elbow and shoulder.

    In fact, what the video presents is not even a reflex action which the defender could put to good use. There is a kata (set of pre-arranged symbolic moves) in karate, known as kanku-dai (or kushanku), whose initial move is where the kata gets its name from. The orginal Okinawan form of this kata is precisely the safest and most basic reflex-action block against a strike to the head. It involves moving towards the assailant with both hands stretched out in front of you protecting your own head. You have to keep your head ducked, below your hands (at elbow height for example), your backside sticking out even and move in low. This is just the start to avoid being knocked out in the first few seconds of the encounter. After that the serious work of putting the assailant out of commission begins.

    As you can see, this is getting detailed and this is not the place to get into lengthy discussions about it. If you are interested in more details, Vince Morris’ DVD on kanku-dai can be recommended (http://www.kissakikarate.com/shop.htm, Kanku Dai Revisited – Double DVD). Self-defense 101 of this nature is not going to help against trained riot police.

    How about showing people how to make Molotov cokctails!

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Tell Google: Stop playing Persian Gulf name games!

May 14, 2012
Larry Page
Chief Executive Officer
Google Inc.
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway
Mountain View, California 94043

Dear Mr. Page:

It has come to our attention that Google has begun omitting the title of the Persian Gulf from its Google Maps application. This is a disconcerting development given the undisputed historic and geographic precedent of the name Persian Gulf, and the more recent history of opening up the name to political, ethnic, and territorial disputes. However unintentionally, in adopting this practice, Google is participating in a dangerous effort to foment tensions and ethnic divisions in the Middle East by politicizing the region’s geographic nomenclature. Members of the Iranian-American community are overwhelmingly opposed to such efforts, particularly at a time when regional tensions already have been pushed to the brink and threaten to spill over into conflict. As the largest grassroots organization in the Iranian-American community, the National Iranian American Council (NIAC) calls on Google to not allow its products to become propaganda tools and to immediately reinstate the historically accurate, apolitical title of “Persian Gulf” in all of its informational products, including Google Maps.

Historically, the name “Persian Gulf” is undisputed. The Greek geographer and astronomer Ptolemy referencing in his writings the “Aquarius Persico.” The Romans referred to the "Mare Persicum." The Arabs historically call the body of water, "Bahr al-Farsia." The legal precedent of this nomenclature is also indisputable, with both the United Nations and the United States Board of Geographic Names confirming the sole legitimacy of the term “Persian Gulf.” Agreement on this matter has also been codified by the signatures of all six bordering Arab countries on United Nations directives declaring this body of water to be the Persian Gulf.

But in the past century, and particularly at times of escalating tensions, there have been efforts to exploit the name of the Persian Gulf as a political tool to foment ethnic division. From colonial interests to Arab interests to Iranian interests, the opening of debate regarding the name of the Persian Gulf has been a recent phenomenon that has been exploited for political gain by all sides. Google should not enable these politicized efforts.

In the 1930s, British adviser to Bahrain Sir Charles Belgrave proposed to rename the Persian Gulf, “Arabian Gulf,” a proposal that was rejected by the British Colonial and Foreign offices. Two decades later, the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company resurrected the term during its dispute with Mohammad Mossadegh, the Iranian Prime Minister whose battle with British oil interests would end in a U.S.-sponsored coup d'état that continues to haunt U.S.-Iran relations. In the 1960s, the title “Arabian Gulf” became central to propaganda efforts during the Pan-Arabism era aimed at exploiting ethnic divisions in the region to unite Arabs against non-Arabs, namely Iranians and Israelis. The term was later employed by Saddam Hussein to justify his aims at territorial expansion. Osama Bin Laden even adopted the phrase in an attempt to rally Arab populations by emphasizing ethnic rivalries in the Middle East.

We have serious concerns that Google is now playing into these efforts of geographic politicization. Unfortunately, this is not the first time Google has stirred controversy on this topic. In 2008, Google Earth began including the term “Arabian Gulf” in addition to Persian Gulf as the name for the body of water. NIAC and others called on you then to stop using this ethnically divisive propaganda term, but to no avail. Instead of following the example of organizations like the National Geographic Society, which in 2004 used term “Arabian Gulf” in its maps but recognized the error and corrected it, Google has apparently decided to allow its informational products to become politicized.

Google should rectify this situation and immediately include the proper name for the Persian Gulf in Google Maps and all of its informational products. The exclusion of the title of the Persian Gulf diminishes your applications as informational tools, and raises questions about the integrity and accuracy of information provided by Google.

We strongly urge you to stay true to Google’s mission – “to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful” – without distorting or politicizing that information. We look forward to an explanation from you regarding the recent removal of the Persian Gulf name from Google Maps and call on you to immediately correct this mistake.



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