• 31 July 2009
  • Posted By Sanaz Tofighrad
  • 0 Comments
  • Diplomacy, Events in Iran, Iran Election 2009

Kayhan Thinks the West is Confused

The ultra-hardline Kayhan newspaper, which frequently serves as the mouthpiece for the supreme leader, yesterday cited a variety of sources, including John Bolton, to argue that Washington is confused about what to do with Iran. [Memo to Tehran: Bolton doesn’t speak for the Obama administration.]

You only have two months, but we will not negotiate anytime soon!

Numerous published reports demonstrate the U.S. and West’s strategic confusion.

While John Bolton, former US ambassador to the UN, announced “Obama has no new strategic thinking about Iran,” news reports indicate that the old strategy has also broken down and the U.S. and Europe are in a state of total confusion.

One proof of this confusion is that during the past month, the US President, Foreign and Defense Ministers have arrogantly requested negotiations with Iran…[They] even set the end of September as a deadline for negotiations without saying what they are going to do if Iran does not respond to their need for negotiations.  This invitation – combined with threats!- also appears in the G8 statement.  The U.S. Foreign and Defense Ministers have emphasized on their sense of urgency for talks, particularly during the past week.  Despite this, Javier Solana, the European Union’s foreign policy representative, claimed nuclear negotiations with Iran are not possible in the near future because of election issues and human rights violations in Iran.

He added: “I do not think Iran will respond to the offer made by the 5+1 group for nuclear talks…anytime soon.”

In the meantime, Newsweek Magazine, claiming that negotiations will give Iran legitimacy(!), requested stopping and delaying talks and wrote: “The best strategy is to stop for now.”

Newsweek also wrote: So far some things have been imposed on the West and it will face more impositions and Iran will move closer to building the atomic bomb.

These confusions are happening as John Bolton…wrote in the Wall Street Journal: The worst thing is that Obama has no new strategy regarding Iran, only promising a policy of carrots and sticks, while sanctions have been hollow and ineffective; and Iran will continue its path without paying attention to United State’s request.  This is the same failed strategy of six years ago.  There is no reason for Iran to suddenly accept Obama’s diplomatic efforts after the elections.

Bolton also stressed: Israel has broken under Iran’s pressures and the current time is strenuous for Israel. Recent statement of Hillary Clinton is actually the United States green light for conversion of Iran a nuclear power.

He added: Sarkozy, the French President, also speaks of resumption of talks with Iran by September but every day that passes Iran’s nuclear capacities increases greatly.

At the end, Bolton emphasized: US relations with Israel has deteriorated more than ever since 1956 and the Suez Canal crisis and Gate’s message to Israel was in fact avoiding an attack on Iran.

Posted By Sanaz Tofighrad

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Sign the Petition

 

7,349 signatures

Tell Google: Stop playing Persian Gulf name games!

May 14, 2012
Larry Page
Chief Executive Officer
Google Inc.
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway
Mountain View, California 94043

Dear Mr. Page:

It has come to our attention that Google has begun omitting the title of the Persian Gulf from its Google Maps application. This is a disconcerting development given the undisputed historic and geographic precedent of the name Persian Gulf, and the more recent history of opening up the name to political, ethnic, and territorial disputes. However unintentionally, in adopting this practice, Google is participating in a dangerous effort to foment tensions and ethnic divisions in the Middle East by politicizing the region’s geographic nomenclature. Members of the Iranian-American community are overwhelmingly opposed to such efforts, particularly at a time when regional tensions already have been pushed to the brink and threaten to spill over into conflict. As the largest grassroots organization in the Iranian-American community, the National Iranian American Council (NIAC) calls on Google to not allow its products to become propaganda tools and to immediately reinstate the historically accurate, apolitical title of “Persian Gulf” in all of its informational products, including Google Maps.

Historically, the name “Persian Gulf” is undisputed. The Greek geographer and astronomer Ptolemy referencing in his writings the “Aquarius Persico.” The Romans referred to the "Mare Persicum." The Arabs historically call the body of water, "Bahr al-Farsia." The legal precedent of this nomenclature is also indisputable, with both the United Nations and the United States Board of Geographic Names confirming the sole legitimacy of the term “Persian Gulf.” Agreement on this matter has also been codified by the signatures of all six bordering Arab countries on United Nations directives declaring this body of water to be the Persian Gulf.

But in the past century, and particularly at times of escalating tensions, there have been efforts to exploit the name of the Persian Gulf as a political tool to foment ethnic division. From colonial interests to Arab interests to Iranian interests, the opening of debate regarding the name of the Persian Gulf has been a recent phenomenon that has been exploited for political gain by all sides. Google should not enable these politicized efforts.

In the 1930s, British adviser to Bahrain Sir Charles Belgrave proposed to rename the Persian Gulf, “Arabian Gulf,” a proposal that was rejected by the British Colonial and Foreign offices. Two decades later, the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company resurrected the term during its dispute with Mohammad Mossadegh, the Iranian Prime Minister whose battle with British oil interests would end in a U.S.-sponsored coup d'état that continues to haunt U.S.-Iran relations. In the 1960s, the title “Arabian Gulf” became central to propaganda efforts during the Pan-Arabism era aimed at exploiting ethnic divisions in the region to unite Arabs against non-Arabs, namely Iranians and Israelis. The term was later employed by Saddam Hussein to justify his aims at territorial expansion. Osama Bin Laden even adopted the phrase in an attempt to rally Arab populations by emphasizing ethnic rivalries in the Middle East.

We have serious concerns that Google is now playing into these efforts of geographic politicization. Unfortunately, this is not the first time Google has stirred controversy on this topic. In 2008, Google Earth began including the term “Arabian Gulf” in addition to Persian Gulf as the name for the body of water. NIAC and others called on you then to stop using this ethnically divisive propaganda term, but to no avail. Instead of following the example of organizations like the National Geographic Society, which in 2004 used term “Arabian Gulf” in its maps but recognized the error and corrected it, Google has apparently decided to allow its informational products to become politicized.

Google should rectify this situation and immediately include the proper name for the Persian Gulf in Google Maps and all of its informational products. The exclusion of the title of the Persian Gulf diminishes your applications as informational tools, and raises questions about the integrity and accuracy of information provided by Google.

We strongly urge you to stay true to Google’s mission – “to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful” – without distorting or politicizing that information. We look forward to an explanation from you regarding the recent removal of the Persian Gulf name from Google Maps and call on you to immediately correct this mistake.

Sincerely,

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