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Posts Tagged ‘ Shapour Kazemi ’

  • 9 September 2009
  • Posted By Matthew Negreanu
  • Events in Iran, Human Rights in Iran, Iran Election 2009

Shapour Kazemi still in Evin; pressure on Mousavi

shapour_kazemiThree hundred employees of Dr. Shapour Kazemi, Zahra Rahnavard’s brother, pleaded for his release from Evin prison today in an open letter to Sadegh Larijani, Iran’s Chief of Judiciary.

The letter emphasizes the high academic and scientific achievements of Dr. Kazemi for Iran’s electronic industry, while mentioning the fact that he has not been involved in political activities at any time in his life. The letter asks for Kazemi’s immediate release and for the restoration of his rights.

Shapour Kazemi, aged 62, a brother-in-law of Mir Hossein Mousavi, has been imprisoned in Evin for about 60 days. The main reason for his arrest is presumably his relationship to Mousavi. He is being held without charge and does not have access to a lawyer.  He is reported to have had one meeting with his mother, which was filmed by prison guards. Amnesty International fears that he is not being given regular access to medication, which he needs for high blood pressure. Zahra Rahnavard has said that he was detained to put pressure on her and her husband to openly accept the outcome of the 12 June 2009 presidential election.

  • 3 August 2009
  • Posted By Sanaz Tofighrad
  • Events in Iran, Human Rights in Iran, Iran Election 2009

New accusations against Zahra Rahnavard’s brother

Islamic Revolution Documents Center (IRDC) has made new accusations against Shapour Kazemi, Mousavi’s bother-in-law who was arrested more than a month ago.

On its website, IRDC accuses Kazemi of “participating in riots” and “burning down seven motorcycles in Tehran’s Vanak Sq.”  According to IRDC, Kazemi was accompanied by his “lover” who was imprisoned for eight years for “terrorist activities” as a MEK  member.  Alcoholic beverages and “instruments of debauchery” were reportedly found at the house Kazemi shared with his “lover.”

According to IRDC, Kazemi and his “lover” have “confessed” that they were involved in “provoking” Mousavi to go to the extremes after the election.  Kazemi is also accused of being in contact with the U.S. intelligence agencies.

Islamic Revolution Documents Center is a research institute created to find and gather information on the history of Islamic Revolution.  The head of IRDC is Ruhollah Hosseinian, who defended the main suspect in Iran’s chain murders of intellectuals.

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7,350 signatures

Tell Google: Stop playing Persian Gulf name games!

May 14, 2012
Larry Page
Chief Executive Officer
Google Inc.
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway
Mountain View, California 94043

Dear Mr. Page:

It has come to our attention that Google has begun omitting the title of the Persian Gulf from its Google Maps application. This is a disconcerting development given the undisputed historic and geographic precedent of the name Persian Gulf, and the more recent history of opening up the name to political, ethnic, and territorial disputes. However unintentionally, in adopting this practice, Google is participating in a dangerous effort to foment tensions and ethnic divisions in the Middle East by politicizing the region’s geographic nomenclature. Members of the Iranian-American community are overwhelmingly opposed to such efforts, particularly at a time when regional tensions already have been pushed to the brink and threaten to spill over into conflict. As the largest grassroots organization in the Iranian-American community, the National Iranian American Council (NIAC) calls on Google to not allow its products to become propaganda tools and to immediately reinstate the historically accurate, apolitical title of “Persian Gulf” in all of its informational products, including Google Maps.

Historically, the name “Persian Gulf” is undisputed. The Greek geographer and astronomer Ptolemy referencing in his writings the “Aquarius Persico.” The Romans referred to the "Mare Persicum." The Arabs historically call the body of water, "Bahr al-Farsia." The legal precedent of this nomenclature is also indisputable, with both the United Nations and the United States Board of Geographic Names confirming the sole legitimacy of the term “Persian Gulf.” Agreement on this matter has also been codified by the signatures of all six bordering Arab countries on United Nations directives declaring this body of water to be the Persian Gulf.

But in the past century, and particularly at times of escalating tensions, there have been efforts to exploit the name of the Persian Gulf as a political tool to foment ethnic division. From colonial interests to Arab interests to Iranian interests, the opening of debate regarding the name of the Persian Gulf has been a recent phenomenon that has been exploited for political gain by all sides. Google should not enable these politicized efforts.

In the 1930s, British adviser to Bahrain Sir Charles Belgrave proposed to rename the Persian Gulf, “Arabian Gulf,” a proposal that was rejected by the British Colonial and Foreign offices. Two decades later, the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company resurrected the term during its dispute with Mohammad Mossadegh, the Iranian Prime Minister whose battle with British oil interests would end in a U.S.-sponsored coup d'état that continues to haunt U.S.-Iran relations. In the 1960s, the title “Arabian Gulf” became central to propaganda efforts during the Pan-Arabism era aimed at exploiting ethnic divisions in the region to unite Arabs against non-Arabs, namely Iranians and Israelis. The term was later employed by Saddam Hussein to justify his aims at territorial expansion. Osama Bin Laden even adopted the phrase in an attempt to rally Arab populations by emphasizing ethnic rivalries in the Middle East.

We have serious concerns that Google is now playing into these efforts of geographic politicization. Unfortunately, this is not the first time Google has stirred controversy on this topic. In 2008, Google Earth began including the term “Arabian Gulf” in addition to Persian Gulf as the name for the body of water. NIAC and others called on you then to stop using this ethnically divisive propaganda term, but to no avail. Instead of following the example of organizations like the National Geographic Society, which in 2004 used term “Arabian Gulf” in its maps but recognized the error and corrected it, Google has apparently decided to allow its informational products to become politicized.

Google should rectify this situation and immediately include the proper name for the Persian Gulf in Google Maps and all of its informational products. The exclusion of the title of the Persian Gulf diminishes your applications as informational tools, and raises questions about the integrity and accuracy of information provided by Google.

We strongly urge you to stay true to Google’s mission – “to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful” – without distorting or politicizing that information. We look forward to an explanation from you regarding the recent removal of the Persian Gulf name from Google Maps and call on you to immediately correct this mistake.



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